Organization: GFDRR, World Bank Group
This session showcased and discussed how disaster risk resilience can be targeted in a fragile and low capacity context like Afghanistan, a country highly prone and vulnerable to disasters. In Afghanistan, focus has for many years mainly been on ex-post disaster response. The Government of Afghanistan and the World Bank/GFDRR have just recently initiated a strengthened focus on disaster prevention and preparedness through a phased multi-sector approach drawing on several smaller scale interventions to form a more cohesive whole.
This includes: (i) A national multi-peril risk assessment to produce multi-peril risk assessment and hazard mappings to inform and prioritize government development strategy and planning, working through sector ministries and taking into consideration the low capacity context of a fragile state; (ii) An Early Warning System (EWS) organizational roadmap for designing effective national EWS and strengthening hydro-met services. This scoping will lay the foundation for establishing an EWS in Afghanistan; and (iii) Building the capacity of government’s own institutions, including in particular the National Disaster Management Agency and the office of its new State Minister, and work with local institutions and communities to conduct assessments, delivery post-disaster support, grants and monitor works in ongoing conflict areas.
The event presented the main outcomes of each phase and open discussion about the next steps to make Afghanistan more resilient with technical experts, stakeholders and members of the GoA.
Afghanistan National Solidarity Program and DRM – Ghulam Raoul Rasouli, Director of Operations & Acting Executive Director, National Solidarity Programme
Afghanistan DRM Overview – Federica Ranghieri and Ditte Fallesen