DRAFT Concept Note
Sendai Framework Priority 1: Understanding Disaster Risk
At Global Platform 2017: Preconference interactive session, Cancun, Mexico
Co-organizers: UNISDR and GFDRR
Date and Time: May 23rd, 10:00 – 13:00
Room: Sunrise 9
Introduction and Rationale
Policies and practices for disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk requiring an ongoing effort to collect, analyse, manage and use relevant data and information on hazards, exposure, vulnerabilities, and capacities of critical assets, and understand the underlying drivers of risk, their interdependencies, and outcomes of various risk reduction measures. Such knowledge can be used for the purpose of designing policies and actions for risk prevention, reduction, and preparedness and effective response to disasters. This information is also required to ensure all new development and investments are design with adequate measures to avoid creation of new risk.
Understanding disaster risk is one of the four Priorities for Action outlined by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 for states to focus on within and across sectors at local, national, regional, and global levels. Risk identification was one of the priorities of the HFA and substantial progress was achieved during the past decade in advancing science and technology, developing tools for hazard and risk assessment, and producing risk information at different levels and scales across the world. But there are still significant gaps in risk information quality and availability for various applications, and more importantly the challenge remains to ensure the process of designing, conducting and delivering risk assessments are embedded in the larger mechanisms of disaster risk reduction and development planning and decision makers use this information.
Depending on the purpose and objective, risk assessments are conducted using different methodologies, datasets, and tools for delivery of results. But besides the technical methodologies, there are other critical elements that determine if risk information can and will be used in development planning and disaster risk reduction decision making. These critical elements include:
- Political endorsement and ownership by the main stakeholders and decision makers
- Clarity on the purpose of the risk assessment
- Capacity of the stakeholders in understanding and evaluating risk information
- Availability and accessibility input and output data
- Effective communication of results with stakeholders
- Actionable recommendations and risk information that is presented along possible solutions (solution-based risk assessment)
UNISDR and GFDRR are designing a pre-conference workshop at the Global Platform for DRR 2017 to discuss and present the most critical elements and best approaches for enhancing understanding disaster risk as the foundation of DRR and long term resilience building at national and local level.
The objective of this pre-conference event is to provide the audience an update on policy and technical aspects of the most recent approaches in risk assessment for DRR.
To achieve this objective, the session will have two parts: The first part will highlight the critical governance and technical elements to ensuring data can be translated into usable information for decision making through case studies. The second part will showcase international and local expertise, tools and platforms available to governments embarking on the development and use of risk information.
The agenda is as following:
Part 1: Enabling elements for Solution-based Risk Assessment (80 minutes)
Session is chaired by Geoscience Australia
- Opening remarks- by UNISDR
- Introduction to the Enabling Elements outlined by the Words into Action National Risk Assessment guideline- by UNISDR
- Three cases discussing governance and technical approaches
- By representative from Malawi
- By representative from The Philippines
- By representative from New Zealand
Part II: International Support for Understanding Disaster Risk in Countries (90 minutes):
Session is chaired by GFDRR
- Opening Remarks by GFDRR
- 12 Ignite Sessions on:
2) Technical expertise
3) Capacity development
- Moderated discussion on the approach and focus of international support to countries on understanding disaster risk
- Brief closing
 10 enabling elements have been identified across three stages of a risk assessment:
The enabling elements are: 1.Establishing NDRA governance mechanism; 2. Defining the policy scope and technical scope of NDRA; 3. Developing NDRA data management plan; 4. Developing NDRA required capacities; 5. Developing terms of reference for NDRA; 6. Selecting risk analysis methodologies; 7. Conducting the risk analysis; 8. Preparing the outputs of risk analysis for communication with stakeholders; 9. Facilitating the process for applying results in DRM decisions and solutions; 10. Ensuring Long term sustainability of NDRA system
Deadline: May 5th
Successful applicants will be informed by May 9th